Permanent Housing Retention

Housing stability indicates a program’s success in ending homelessness as measured by the length of time that program participants retain permanent housing, defined as a rental house or apartment, public housing, Section 8 housing, Shelter Plus Care housing, homeownership, or permanently moving in with family or friends.  This indicator describes the percentage of formerly homeless people who obtain permanent housing within 24 months of program entry and stay in that permanent housing for six months or more. A higher rate of permanent housing retention is considered positive.

Surveys / Assessments


Sources Cited

Khadduri, Jill. 2005. Measuring the Performance of Programs that Serve Homeless People. Abt Associates Inc.

Retrieved on January 18, 2012 from:

Trutko, John and Burt Barnow. (2003). Core Performance Indicators for Homeless-Serving Programs Administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Report prepared for HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.  Retrieved on January 18, 2012 from:

Additional Resources

Urban Institute Metropolitan Housing & Communities Policy Center,

National Alliance to End Homelessness: