Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress symptoms include re-experiencing symptoms (flashbacks), avoidance symptoms (feeling emotionally numb), and hyperarousal symptoms (being easily startled; National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). These are typical of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), which is a clinical mental health diagnosis. Populations witnessing or experiencing violence or abuse, populations surviving war, natural disasters, genocide, and acts of terrorism, and foster youth experiencing multiple adverse stressors and stressful transitions such as out-of-home placements, are at increased vulnerability for developing this disorder. Adolescents affected by symptoms of post-traumatic stress are at higher risk of depression, substance use, violence, and delinquency (Gerson, & Rappaport, 2012).



Sources Cited

National Institute of Mental Health. (2013). Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).  Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Gerson, R., & Rappaport, N. (2012). Traumatic stress and posttraumatic stress disorder in youth: Recent research findings on clinical impact, assessment, and treatment. Journal of Adolescent Health.