Parent-Child Time spent together

Overall, the research on parenting young children suggests that the amount of time caregivers and children spend with each other has been found to be instrumental in children’s social and intellectual development. Children and adolescents may benefit from time spent with parents by accessing important emotional supports and obtaining a better idea of parental values and behavioral expectations (Child Trends 2002, p.26).

To track data on this outcome measure, programs should collect participant data at intake/enrollment; at 3, 6, or 12 months after point of enrollment; and at termination/exit.


Work Cited

Child Trends. (2002). "Charting Parenthood: A Statistical Portrait of Fathers and Mothers." Washington, D.C.: Child Trends.
Bornstein, M.H. (1989). Sensitive periods in development: Structural characteristics and causal interpretations. Psychological Bulletin 105(2): 179-197.

Belsky, J. C., Hertzog, C., & Revine, M. (1986). Causal analyses of multiple determinants of parenting: Empirical and methodological advances. In M. E. Lamb, A. L. Brown, & B. Rogoff (Eds.), Advances in Developmental Psychology, Volume 4 (pp. 153-202). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.