Disciplinary practices

Disciplinary action to foster self-esteem and autonomy helps children progress from dependent to independent roles (Herbert, 1989; Campbell, 1992). Discipline shapes behavior regarding relationships with others, social skills, self-restraints, and adjustment to societal norms (Kaye, 1986; Campbell, 1992). As the goal is to maximize frequency, a higher proportion of parents that apply positive discipline practices is good. To track data on this outcome measure, programs should collect participant data at intake/enrollment; at 3, 6, or 12 months after point of enrollment; and at termination/exit.


Work Cited

Campbell, J. (1992). Parenting Classes: Focus on Discipline. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 9(4), 197-208.

Herbert, M. (1989). Discipline: A positive guide for parents. New York: Blackwell.

Kaye, K. (1986), Family rules: Raising responsible children. New York: Walker.

Thompson, R.A., Christiansen, E., Jackson, S., Wyatt, J., Colman, R., Peterson, R., Wilcox, B., Buckendahl, C. (1999). Parent Attitudes and Discipline Practices: Profiles and correlates in a nationally representative sample. Child Maltreatment, 4(4), 316-330.