Attitude toward parenting

Parenting attitudes have been found to predict parenting skills and behaviors. Positive attitudes toward parenting are associated with more positive parenting practices and a close and more nurturing parent-child relationship. In contrast, negative attitudes toward parenting (and unrealistic expectations about how children should behave) can result in parents experiencing high levels of frustration, anger and hopelessness and also a greater propensity for child abuse and neglect (Bavolek, 1984). 

To track data on this outcome measure, programs should collect participant data at intake/enrollment and at termination/exit from program (pre-post assessment).


Work Cited

Bavolek, S. J. (1989). Assessing and treating high-risk parenting attitudes. Early Child Development and Care, 42, 99-112.

Coatsworth, J. D., Duncan, L. G., Greenberg, M. T., & Nix, R. L. (2010) Changing parents’ mindfulness, child management skills, and relationship quality with their youth: Results from a randomized pilot intervention trial. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 203–217. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-009-9304-8

Thompson, R.A., Christiansen, E., Jackson, S., Wyatt, J., Colman, R., Peterson, R., Wilcox, B., Buckendahl, C. (1999). Parent Attitudes and Discipline Practices: Profiles and correlates in a nationally representative sample. Child Maltreatment, 4(4), 316-330.

Bavolek SJ. (1984). Handbook for the AAPI: Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory. Eau Claire, Wisconsin: Family Development Resources, Inc. 

Bavolek, S.J., Kline, D., McLaughlin, J. (1979). Primary prevention of child abuse: Identification of high risk adolescents.” Child Abuse and Neglect: International Journal, 3, 1070-1080.

Bornstein, M.H. (1989). Sensitive periods in development: Structural characteristics and causal interpretations. Psychological Bulletin 105(2): 179-197.

Belsky, J. C., Hertzog, C., & Revine, M. (1986). Causal analyses of multiple determinants of parenting: Empirical and methodological advances. In M. E. Lamb, A. L. Brown, & B. Rogoff (Eds.), Advances in Developmental Psychology, Volume 4 (pp. 153-202). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.