Parenting self-efficacy

Surveys / Assessments

Perceived parenting self-efficacy (PPSE) refers to the “beliefs or judgments a parent holds of their capabilities to organize and execute a set of tasks related to parenting a child” (de Montigny & Lacharite 2005, p. 390). Parents with a high level of PPSE are more likely to be involved with their child’s education and feel like they can make a positive difference in their child’s life. Moreover, higher levels of PPSE may buffer against factors (i.e., parental depression, anxiety, and stress) that can compromise a child’s development. Studies have found parental stress is negatively associated with a parent’s perceived feelings of competence in their role as a parent (Kuhn &Carter, 2006; Jackson & Huang, 2000). In essence, PPSE is an important predictor and possible mediator of parenting competence and child outcomes. 

To track data on this outcome measure, programs should collect participant data at intake/enrollment; at 3, 6, or 12 months after point of enrollment; and at termination/exit. A higher rate of parenting self-efficacy is likely to predict more positive parenting skills and behaviors.


Sources Cited

De Montigny, F., & Lacharité, C. (2005). Perceived parental efficacy: concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 49, 387-396.

Jackson, A.P. & Huang, C.C. (2000). Parenting stress and behavior among single mothers of preschoolers: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Journal of Social Service Research, 26 (4), 29-42.

Kuhn, J.C., & Carter, A.S. (2006). Maternal self-efficacy and associated parenting cognitions among mothers of children with autism. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76 (4), 564-575.

Ardelt, M., & Eccles, J.S. (2001). Effects of mothers’ parental efficacy beliefs and promotive parenting strategies on inner-city youth. Journal of Family Issues, 22, 944-972.

Coleman, P.K., & Karraker, K.H. (2000). Parenting self-efficacy among mothers of school-age children: Conceptualization, measurement and correlates. Family Relations, 49, 13-24.