Belief in Personal Ability to Make a Difference


“Political efficacy refers to a person’s belief that s/he is able to affect community/political change. Political efficacy is often the impetus for engagement” (Flanagan et. al., 2007).

Youth in poor, urban environments often have an opposite experience, however.  They are more likely to learn that they can make a difference by engagement in activities to make change first (Ginwright & Cammarota, 2002).

By Urban Institute



Sources Cited

Flanagan, C.A., Syvertsen, A.K., and Stout, M.D. (2007). Civic Measurement Models: Tapping Adolescents’ Civic Engagement. CIRCLE Working Paper 55. The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement.

Ginwright, S. & Cammarota, J. (2002). New terrain in youth development: The promise of a social justice approach. Social Justice, 29(4), 82-95.