Hope is defined as a broad trust that the future will turn out well, in one’s own life and in general. A recent pilot study on a nationally representative sample of adolescents found that hope is negatively related to outcomes such as substance use, depression, getting in fights, and delinquency and positively related to good grades (Lippman et al., 2012).




Sources Cited

Lippman, L., Guzman, L., & Moore, K. A. Measuring Flourishing Among Youth: Findings from the Flourishing Children Positive Indicators Project. Webinar. July 2012.