Parent/caregiver-child Relationship Quality

Parent-child relationship quality is an important predictor of child and adolescent development. A high-quality relationship is characterized by closeness, caring and high levels of parental involvement and has been found to be associated with a lower likelihood for engaging in a range of problem behaviors, including disordered eating, suicidality, violence, substance use, and early sexual debut (Resnick et al., 1997; Aquilino & Supple, 2001). Beyond preventing problems, the parent-child relationship plays an important role in promoting positive child and adolescent development, including better academic performance and social and emotional well-being (Herman, Dornbusch, Herron, & Herting, 1997).

By Child Trends

Surveys / Assessments


Sources Cited

Resnick, M. D., Bearman, P. S., Blum, R. W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., ... & Udry, J. R. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 278(10), 823-832.

Aquilino, W. S., & Supple, A. J. (2001). Long-term effects of parenting practices during adolescence on well-being outcomes in young adulthood. Journal of Family Issues, 22(3), 289-308.