Self-efficacy about Contraception

Self-efficacy (the confidence is one’s skills) to use condoms or other forms of contraception is identified as a protective factor by Kirby et al. (2005). Young people with higher self-efficacy to use contraception are more likely to use them. Ratings of self efficacy are obtained from self-report questionnaires, which may be administered at regular intervals (quarterly, for example).

At the individual level, performance may be monitored by comparing pretest scores with follow-up scores to determine whether responses on this indicator are moving in the desired direction. At the program level, performance may be monitored by comparing the percent of participants with high self efficacy at program intake with percents obtained on the same indicator at later intervals. Change over time for the current cohort may also be compared with that of previous cohorts, to further gauge levels of program effectiveness.

If this indicator does not appear to be improving at the individual or aggregate level during the course of the program, program managers may want to assess problems related to program design, implementation, and quality.

By ChildTrends




Sources Cited

Kirby, D., Lepore, G., & Ryan, J. (2005). Sexual Risk and Protective Factors. Factors Affecting Teen Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, Childbearing And Sexually Transmitted Disease: Which Are Important? Which Can You Change? The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.