School Engagement Scale - Behavioral, Emotional and Cognitive Engagement Popular

This scale was developed to measure behavioral, emotional, and cognitive aspects of school engagement in elementary school students.  In includes items which were drawn from variety of measures (see and several additional items. This scale takes about 30 minutes to administer and can be administered to groups of students, if necessary.


Administration Method
Number of Questions
Creator(s) of Tool
Complete measurement tool reference: Fredericks, J.A., Blumenfeld, P., Friedel, J., & Paris, A. (2005). School engagement. In K.A. Moore & L. Lippman (Eds.), What do children need to flourish?: Conceptualizing and measuring indicators of positive development. New York, NY: Springer Science and Business Media.

Complete measurement tool hyperlink:
Scoring / Benchmarking
Before analyzing data, code answer options as follows: 1 = never, 5 = all of the time; or 1
= not at all true, 5 = very true). Higher scores reflect higher levels of engagement.

Items to be reverse-coded (e.g., 5=never, 1=all of the time; or 5 = not at all true, 1 = very true).
2) When I am in class, I just act as if I am working (reversed)
4) I get in trouble at school (reversed)
6) I feel bored in school (reversed)

There are no benchmarks available for this measure.
Background / Quality
This tool has been tested with elementary students from Chicago, Milwaukee, and Detroit. It has good reliability and validity (for specific information relating to the reliability and validity of the scale, see
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
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