Contraceptive Self-Efficacy Scale (CSE)

The Contraceptive Self-Efficacy (CSE) scale has been used to assess motivational barriers to contraceptive use among diverse samples of sexually active adolescents, young adults, and adults. The CSE scale has been used with all ages of women around the world from middle-aged, married women with childen to those young women seeking contraceptives before any pregnancies both to assess risk of pregnancy as well as to suggest which type of contraceptive might be used most effectively. It has also been used with women who are victims of domestic violence and rape. The tool has been adapted to be gender neutral for use with males and females and can be used for research, clinical, or educational purposes. The CSE scale requires approximately 10 minutes to complete.


Administration Method
Number of Questions
Creator(s) of Tool
Complete Measurement Tool Reference: Levinson, R.A. (1986). Contraceptive Self-Efficacy: A perspective on teenage girls’ contraceptive behavior. Journal of Sex Research, 22, 347-369.

Adaptations to the Tool:
The tool has been adapted to be gender neutral for use with males and females.

The instrument is copyrighted by the author and is reproduced here with permission. Permission from the author is required prior to use of this tool.

Contact Information: Address correspondence to Ruth Andrea Levinson with email: [email protected]
Scoring / Benchmarking
Before analyzing data, code answer options as follows:
1=Not at all true of me
2=Slightly true of me
3=Somewhat true of me
4=Mostly true of me
5=Completely true of me

The scoring directions require that items 2, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, & 15 be reverse-coded, so that 1=Completely true of me and 5=Not at all true of me. Higher scores indicate higher levels of contraceptive self efficacy.

There are no benchmarks available for this tool.
Background / Quality
For information about the background/quality of the tool, See Fisher, T. D., Davis, C. M., Yarber, W. L., & Davis. S. L. (Eds.). (2010), Handbook of sexually-related measures (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge (pp. 166-167). Reliability has been estimated at .73 across investigations.
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
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