Self-control and Self-efficacy - Individual Protective Factors

This tool measures attitudes about self-control and self-efficacy. 

It could be used before youth begin a self-control program to determine their attitudes before the program, and then again after the program to determine if attitudes have improved.


Administration Method
Number of Questions
Creator(s) of Tool
The tool is listed on pp. 132-133 in the following compendium as from Phillips & Springer, 1992:

Dahlberg LL, Toal SB, Swahn M, Behrens CB. Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes, Behaviors, and Influences Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools, 2nd ed., Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2005.
Scoring / Benchmarking
Items 1, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 are scored as YES! = 1, yes = 2, no = 3, NO! = 4.

All other items are reverse coded (YES! = 4, yes = 3, no = 2, NO! = 1).

To score the scale, point values for all 13 items are added. Blank items are excluded. The maximum possible score is 52 and indicates a high sense of self-control. A minimum score of 13 indicates a relatively low sense of control.

If your program is designed to improve self-control, you want scores to increase by the end of your program.
Background / Quality
Internal consistency: .56 and .65 (Gabriel, 1994).
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
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