Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale

This scale is a self administered instrument designed to measure perceived parenting self-efficacy in parents of children aged 0-12 months.

This scale is provided free of charge. Permission is granted to use the scale in clinical and research contexts, provided the scale is not altered from that included in this manual, and full reference to the scale is included on all copies.


Administration Method
Number of Questions
Creator(s) of Tool
Reference as: Črnčec, R., Barnett, B., & Matthey, S. (2008). Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale: Manual. Sydney South West Area Health Service. Sydney: Australia.

Scoring / Benchmarking
Each item on the KPCS is scored 0, 1, 2, or 3, with scores summed to produce a total score. The general rule is that a high score indicates the parent is feeling confident on that item. Items have a common scoring order (that is, the first response option is always scored 0, the second always scored 1 etc.). Two items on the KPCS can be endorsed not applicable, for instance when the infant is exclusively fed by the partner (item 1), or where the respondent does not have a partner (item 9). These items are scored 2. The final version of the KPCS contains 15 items with a possible range of scores of 0-45.

The cut-off score for the KPCS was determined as being 39 or less. It is important to note that the KPCS is not a diagnostic tool. Thus, while parents scoring 39 or less may be experiencing low levels of parenting confidence, this does not per se imply any formal ‘disorder.'

As a general rule, programs may want to explore parent responses on those items for which the parent has scored 0 or 1 (that is, has expressed the lowest confidence). Program staff might probe, for example “I notice you have indicated that you don’t feel confident very often in such and such a situation, could you tell me more about that?” It is also important to explore ambiguous responses, such as questions to which parents selected 2 responses. Programs following a strengths based approach should comment on items where the parent has indicated high confidence. This process is invaluable in helping to assess and formulate the client’s difficulties, and can also assist service providers with targeting interventions.
Background / Quality
The KPCS is administered to clients on admission and on discharge from the Karitane Residential Unit. The Reliable Change Index of the KPCS was found to be six (6) points. This is based on mothers only. Further research is required to determine specific values for fathers.

The KPCS has good internal consistency and test re-test reliability. An internal consistency of greater than .70 is thought to be necessary for a new psychological scale (Nunnally, 1978). Cronbach’s alpha for the KPCS total score was .81. The parenting, support, and child development subscales had Cronbach’s alphas of .80, .64, and .44, respectively. KPCS validity indicated acceptable correlations with other measures of PPSE and associated constructs including stress and depression.
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
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