Recent Substance Use - CTC

The questions included on this tool are part of the Communities That Care (CTC) Youth Survey. This survey is designed to measure adolescent antisocial behaviors such as drug use, delinquency, and school dropout, and the risk and protective factors that increase or decrease the likelihood of these problem behaviors.  The survey measures 16 risk factors and 9 protective factors at the individual, peer, family, school, and community level.

The CTC Youth Survey is the primary tool for needs assessment and monitoring in  Communities That Care (CTC),  a coalition-based prevention system that uses a public health approach to prevent youth problem behaviors.  The survey is administered during Phase 3: Developing a Community Profile (for more information about the Communities That Care operating system, go to http://www.sdrg.org/ctcresource).

The CTC Youth Survey is part of the Center for Substance Use Prevention (CSAP) Toolkit, which is provided by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). It has a total of 142 items. The survey is typically group-administered in classrooms in one 50-minute session. The scales measuring risk and protective factor in the CTC Youth Survey have been established as reliable and valid measures of risk and protection for boys and girls in grades 6  through 12 across race and ethnic groups. To ensure the validity of data from obtained from the survey, those administering this survey are instructed to use the original scales specified in the CTC Youth Survey Item Construct Dictionary and response options provided in the survey.

For a guide on how to use this tool, go to: http://www.sdrg.org/ctcresource/Community%20Assessment%20Training/Participant%20Guide/CAT_PG_mod2.pdf

Tool

Administration Method
Number of Questions
15
Creator(s) of Tool
Complete measurement tool reference: Arthur, M.W., Hawkins, J.D., Pollard, J.A., Catalano, R.F., & Baglioni, A.J., Jr. (2002). Measuring risk and protective factors for substance use, delinquency, and other adolescent problem behaviors: The Communities That Care Youth Survey. Evaluation Review, 26, 575-601. doi:10.1177/019384102237850

Adaptation made/subset of questions selected: Questions related to 30-day substance use were selected from the larger survey.

Complete measurement tool hyperlink: http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//CTC020/CTC020.pdf
Scoring / Benchmarking
Scoring:
Before analyzing the data, code answer options as follows:
0=0 occasions, None, Never, Not at all, 0
1=All other responses

A summary score can be created by summing the total number of respondents who got coded as a “1” by the total number of respondents who answered the question. This will give you the percent of respondents who have used substances in the past 30 days.

In addition, this survey can be summarized into scale scores. Lower risk factor scale scores and higher protective factors are associated with better behavioral outcomes. To facilitate comparisons with public school students across the U.S., scale scores can converted into percentile scores, ranging from 0 to 100, by referencing them against the Communities That Care® normative database. This bed of normative data, which was compiled by combining the results of selected Communities That Care Youth Survey efforts that were completed in 2000, 2001 and 2002, contains survey responses from over 280,000 students in grades 6 through 12. Scale scores can be weighted on four demographic variables (ethnicity, sex, socioeconomic status and urbanicity) so that they generalize to the population of US public school students. Norming and weighting scores requires knowledge of statistics and would most likely need to be completed by an external research firm.

Several companies provide services for scoring, aggregating the data, and generating reports for the school(s) to use for program planning and evaluation (see http://www.sdrg.org/ctcresource/Community%20Assessment%20Training/Participant%20Guide/CAT_PG_mod2.pdf).

For a sample report, go to: http://rothenbach-research.com/surveys/CTCYS_Sample_Report.pdf.

For help interpreting data obtained from the survey, please contact:
Blair Brooke-Weiss
Communities That Care Specialist
Social Development Research Group
University of Washington
9725 Third Ave NE, Suite #401
Seattle WA 98115
Phone: 206.543.5709
Email: [email protected]

Benchmarks:
For fiscal year 2012, SAMHSA set the following performance targets for current substance use: (a) a 13 percent reduction in current substance use among middle school students from Fall to Spring of 2012; and (b) a 33 percent reduction of in current substance use among high school students from Fall to Spring of 2012 (http://www.samhsa.gov/Budget/FY2012/SAMHSA-FY12CJ-OPA.pdf ). Using this guideline, a program working with high school students starting at a baseline rate of 45 percent might want to see a 15 percentage point (33 percent) reduction on this outcome by the end of the year.
Background / Quality
This tool is widely used and well-tested. For information on the background on the quality of the tool, refer to the studies listed below.

Arthur, M. W., Briney, J. S., Hawkins, J. D., Abbott, R. D., Brooke-Weiss, B. L., Catalano, R. F.
(2007). Measuring risk and protection in communities using the Communities That Care Youth
Survey. Evaluation and Program Planning, 30, 197-211. doi:10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2007.01.009

Arthur, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., Pollard, J. A., Catalano, R. F., & Baglioni, A. J. (2002). Measuring risk
and protective factors for substance use, delinquency, and other adolescent problem behaviors:
The Communities That Care Youth Survey. Evaluation Review, 26, 575-601. doi:10.1177/019384102237850

Fagan, A.A., Van Horn, M.L., Hawkins, J.D., & Arthur, M.W. (2007). Gender similarities and differences in the association between risk and protective factors and self-reported serious delinquency. Prevention Science, 8, 115-124. doi:10.1007/s11121-006-0062-1

Glaser, R. R., Van Horn, M. L., Arthur, M. W., Hawkins, J. D., & Catalano, R. F. (2005). Measurement
properties of the Communities That Care Youth Survey across demographic groups. Journal of
Quantitative Criminology, 21, 73-102. doi:10.1007/s10940-004-1788-1
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
No
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