Multidimensional Peer Victimization Scale

The Multidimensional Peer Victimization Scale is a self-report measure, designed to assess four types of peer victimization (social manipulation, attacks on property, verbal victimization, and physical victimization).  Anonymous self-report measures are considered one of the better ways to gain a more reliable understanding of the frequency of peer victimization and this scale also benefits from containing items that address both direct and indirect forms of victimization.


Administration Method
Number of Questions
Creator(s) of Tool
Complete measurement tool hyperlink:

Complete measurement tool reference: Mynard, H. & Joseph, S. (2000). Development of the multidimensional peer-victimization scale. Aggressive Behavior, 26, 169-178

Adaptation made/subset of questions selected: N/A
Scoring / Benchmarking
Before analyzing the data, code answer options as follows: Not at all=0; Once=1; and More than Once=2. Scores are computed by adding up the total of all responses (scores range from 0-32; subscale scores range from 0-8), with higher scores indicating greater levels of victimization.

•Physical victimization scale: Items 6, 7, 8, and 9
•Verbal victimization scale: Items 1, 4, 5, and 16
•Social manipulation scale: Items 2, 11, 13, and 14
•Attacks on property scale: Items 3, 10, 12, 15

When setting benchmarks, it is helpful to look at prevalence rates. In 2008, at least 20 percent of children ages two through 17 experienced one or more forms of bullying during the past year (see Child Trends Databank at
Background / Quality
This tool is available only in English. The original study was conducted in Essex, England with 11- to 16-year-olds (average age was 13). The scale has good reliability and validity. (Internal reliability for each subscale: Physical victimization = 0.85, verbal victimization = 0.75, social manipulation = 0.77, property attacks = 0.73).
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
Rate this listing
3 votes