Bullying Perpetration and Bullying Victimization Scales - SSS

The Bully Perpetration and Bully Victimization Scales are part of a larger survey called the Student School Survey (SSS), a 70-item, self report survey of school experiences, which has been designed for youth ages 10 to 17. Each scale consists of 4 items.

The SSS consists of 10 scales measuring the following areas: social cohesion and trust, school climate, the perception of bullying as a problem at school, perpetration of bullying, bully bystander behavior, bully victimization, perceived peer support, self-esteem, moral approval of bullying, and informal social control.



Administration Method
Number of Questions
Creator(s) of Tool
Complete measurement tool reference:
Williams, K. R., & Guerra, N. G. (2007). Prevalence and predictors of internet bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, s14–s21.

Complete measurement tool hyperlink: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/BullyCompendiumBk-a.pdf

Adaptation made/subset of questions selected:
This scale is part of a larger 70-item survey.
Scoring / Benchmarking
Before analyzing the data, code answer options as follows:
A lot =3
Several times =2
Once or twice =1
Never =0
Pass=. (do not enter any value)

An index score between 0 and 12 can be calculated for each scale by adding the scores of all questions. Higher scores indicate on the bullying scale indicate a greater frequency of bullying behaviors and higher scores on the victimization scale indicate a greater frequency of victimization experiences.

Aggregate-level scores can be constructed by recoding all index scores that are 1 or above as a 1, to indicate that the student has been bullied or bullied others in the past year.

A percent of students involved in bullying and/or victimization can be obtained by summing the responses of each scale and dividing the sum by the total number of responses.

When setting benchmarks, it is a good idea to consult prevalence rates.

In 2008, at least 20 percent of children ages two through 17 experienced one or more forms of bullying during the past year (see Child Trends Databank at http://www.childtrendsdatabank.org/sites/default/files/119_tab01.pdf).

Bully Police USA has produced state-by-state estimates of children involved in bullying as bully, victim, or both. These estimates are modeled on prevalence data from a large Norwegian study. Available here: http://www.bullypolice.org/BullyingNumbers.pdf . Consult these benchmarks to help inform the benchmarks you set for your program.
Background / Quality
This tool is available in English and has primarily been tested with white students in the 5th, 8th, and 11th grade students.
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
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