Spiritual DevelopmentRSS

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Spiritual Development relates to the development of spirituality, religiosity, or a feeling of a higher power that confers a sense of meaning to our lives (Lippman et al., forthcoming). Several studies have found a protective effect for religiosity on outcomes such as substance use and emotional distress (Bahr et al., 2008; Nonnemaker et al., 2003). Evidence on developmental outcomes associated with spirituality is more limited.

Sources Cited

Bahr, S. J.; & Hoffmann, J. P. (2008). Religiosity, peers, and adolescent drug use. Journal of Drug Issues, 38, 743-769.

Lippman, L. H., Ryberg, R., Terzian, M., Moore, K. A., McIntosh, H., & Humble, J. (Forthcoming). Positive and protective factors in adolescent well-being. In B. Asher, F. Casas, I. Frones & J. E. Korbin (Eds.), Handbook of child well-being. New York: Springer.

Nonnemaker, J.M.; McNeely, C.A.; & Blum, R.W. (2003). Public and Private Domains of Religiosity and Adolescent Health Risk Behaviors: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Social Science and Medicine, 57, 2049-2054.

This tool was developed by Child Trends for the Templeton Foundation, as part of the Flourishing Children Project. It includes four items that measure gratitude in teenagers. Gratitude is defined as having an appreciation of positive things in one's life, ...

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This tool was developed by Child Trends for the Templeton Foundation, as part of the Flourishing Children Project. It includes 15 items that measure spirituality in teenagers. Spirituality involves seeking or experiencing awareness of  a universal unity o ...

IndicatorsSpirituality

This tool was developed by Child Trends for the Templeton Foundation. It includes seven items designed for parents to rate their teenagers' gratitude. Gratitude is defined as having an appreciation of positive things in one's life, through: (1) the recogn ...

IndicatorsGratitude

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