Leadership Efficacy

This is a self-report for children in grades 3-8.  It is designed to be administered over time to observe progress in the extent to which children demonstrate attitudes that indicate they are comfortable in leadership roles.

For example, it would be appropriate to use the scale at the start of the school year, at the start of the second school period, and at the end of the school year.


Administration Method
Number of Questions
Creator(s) of Tool
Chi, B., Jastrzab, J., & Melchior, A. 2006. Developing Indicators and Measures of Civic Outcomes for Elementary School Students. CIRCLE Working Paper #47. http://civicyouth.org/PopUps/WorkingPapers/WP47chi.pdf
Scoring / Benchmarking
Higher scores indicate higher levels of leadership efficacy or belief in personal leadership ability. Score each item on a scale of 1 to 4 as follows:

Strong Agree or Yes! = 4
Agree or Sort of = 3
Disagree or Not Really = 2
Strongly Disagree or No Way! = 1

Program administrators would score each item, and calculate a total score. There are two ways that the program administrators can use the scores. First, they could look at the overall score to see how that improves from the first time the individual filled out the assessment to the most recent assessment. Second, they could look at improvements in the scores of particular items between the first time the individual filled out the assessment to the most recent assessment.

Improving Service Delivery Tip!
The second way provides three avenues for improving service delivery. First, it has the advantage of being able to see where the program seems to be making the most difference for individuals. Second, it will also allow program administrators to see if participants ever indicate becoming less confident or less likely to engage in a particular activity after participating in the program. Third, examining the scores on the pre-test can provide an indication if the targeted children/youth are enrolling in the program. Children/youth must score at a pre-test level that provides room for improvement. If the children/youth score high at pre-test, it indicates that they might not benefit from the program activities. This could trigger a review of recruitment and enrollment strategies, or a review of what the program hopes to accomplish.
Background / Quality
Cronbach’s Alpha 0.64
Is there a cost associated with this tool?
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